SOP for User Requirement Specification in Pharmaceutical Industry

  1. Objective
    To lay down a procedure for User requirement specification (URS).
  2. Scope
    This is applicable mainly to production equipment and utility systems. It shall also be applicable to analytical instruments and building facility with appropriate change or modification as applicable.
  3. Responsibility
    Quality assurance, Engineering, Production and other user department
  4. Procedure 
    4.1 Validation team member of user department shall prepare URS in consultation with Head of user department and technical team members based upon their identified requirements.
    4.2 A template format as in Annexure I shall be used for URS preparation and shall be numbered as per SOP.
    4.3 Following criteria shall be considered while preparation of URS:
    Pharmaceutical and regulation requirement
    Material of construction and finishing
    Operational and functional requirements
    Man machine interface
    4.4 Pharmaceutical and regulatory requirement:
    4.4.1 Head of user department shall check the regulatory requirement if any associated with the equipment / system. Wherever appropriate, consultants shall be referred to for their expertise and same shall be specified in the URS.
    4.5 Material of construction and finishing:
    4.5.1 All product contact surfaces of the processing and utility equipment shall be of SS 316. Finishing shall be smooth and easily cleanable.
    4.5.2 Other contact component shall be of food grade material. The contact surfaces shall be smooth and easily cleanable. These materials shall not be reactive, additive or adsorbing so as to alter the safety, identity, strength, quality or purity of the drug product.
    4.5.3 The non-contact surfaces wherever appropriate shall be SS 304. It shall be smooth and easily cleanable.
    4.5.4 Seals in contact with the product shall be food grade.
    4.5.5 Lubricant shall be of food grade quality wherever appropriate.
    4.5.6 Wielding should be proper.
    4.6 Operational and functional requirements:
    4.6.1 Following general aspects shall be considered, as appropriate:
    Salient features of the system
    Description of the manufacturing process expected
    Quantities to be produced
    Expected process time
    Description of the environment in which the machine has to be installed
    Easy and quick disassembling and reassembling of parts to be cleaned
    List of emergency spare parts
    List of tools required for maintenance operations
    4.7 Documentation: Following documents shall be requested from the supplier, as appropriate:
    Material traceability with respect to contact parts, non-contact parts, welds and finishing
    Mechanical, Electric and Pneumatic documentation
    Computer and PLC documentation
    Measuring instruments and maintenance documentation
    Preventive maintenance documents
    Instruction manual
    Conformity certificates
    4.8 Measuring instruments and Maintenance documentation:
    Technical documentation for each instrument
    Calibration certificates from the instrument manufacturer
    4.9 Maintenance documents:
    Maintenance procedures including controls and spare parts change frequencies
    List of lubricants and their associated specifications documentation
    Complete list of spare parts and list of associated suppliers with identification on diagrams
    List of emergency spare parts
    List of tools
    4.10 URS shall also specify the testing levels for acceptance of the system or equipment, time line for completion of the activities and other specific contractual conditions.
    4.11 The original signed document shall be kept with QA for attaching to final qualification document. Photocopies shall be given to user department and purchase department.
  5. Abbreviations
    SOP: Standard operating procedure
    URS: User requirement specification
    QA: Quality assurance
    SS: Stainless steel
  6. Annexure

Comment List

  • PharmaState Academy

    Thank You for sharing a this great information.

  • PharmaState Academy

    Thanks for sharing such wonderful information.

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